1. Tamilnadu newsprint
paper limited (TNPL) is public sector industry in Tamilnadu.
2.The by-product Bagasse
is used as a raw material for paper industry.
3.SPIC is the
largest producer of fertilizers in India.
4.Cottage industry is
one where in very little investment is involved.
in its quality and is known for its traditional value all over the world.
Detroit of southern
Integral coach factory
Textile capital of
The Manchester of
1. How are industries classified?
Industries are classified
on the basis of
a) Raw materials
c) Capital involved and
2. What are the factors determining the location of industries in
3. Name the products and by-products of sugar industry?
Jaggery, kandasari and
sugar are the products from the sugar industry.
4. List down the raw materials for paper industry?
The by-product bagasse is
used as a raw material for paper industry.
5. What do you mean by consumer goods?
Consumer goods are those
goods, which reach the consumers straight from the production unit. All
perishable goods like food products and dairy products are examples of consumer
6. Write a short note on Cottage Industry?
Cottage Industry is one
wherein very little investment is involved. Locally available raw materials are
used to produce the handicrafts. Volume of production and cost of production
7. Give reasons for the widespread distribution of textile
industry in Tamil Nadu.
availability of raw materials, demand for cotton in market, power supply from
numerous power projects and abundant cheap labour are the reasons for the
widespread distribution of textile industry in Tamil Nadu.
8. Distinguish between factory and industry.
Single manufacturing unit
is termed as factory.
Multiple units of same
kind which are spread over a large area are termed as industry.
9. Distinguish between agro based industry and mineral based
agricultural products for manufacturing is termed as agro based industry.
Industry using mineral for
producing is called mineral based industry.
10.Distinguish between vegetable tanning and mineral tanning.
If tanning is done by
vegetative matter is known as vegetable tanning process.
If the tanning is done
with chemicals like chromium and fatty matter, it is known as mineral tanning
1. Describe the classification of industry based on ownership.
Private industry is one
which owned by individual or a group of people. Ex: TVS Motors.
All government owned
industry come under the public sector
Co-operative sector is one
which owned by a group of cooperative members who supply the raw materials for
that industries and factories in Tamil Nadu.
When an industry is
functioning under the partnership of two organizations it is said to be Joint
2. Give an account for the distribution of textile industry in
Tamil Nadu contributes
nearly 25% of India’s share in the export of cotton and fabrics.
availability of raw materials, demand of cotton in market, power supply from
numerous power projects and abundance cheap laborers are favorable factors of
widespread distribution of textile industry in Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore,
pollachi, Thiruppur, Karamadai, Erode etc. are the important centres for
Maximum units are
concentrated in and around Coimbatore region. For this reason it is known as
Manchester of south India.
3. Write about the paper industry in Tamil Nadu.
Kanchipuram, Pugalur etc. are centers of paper industry in Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu Newsprint and
Paper Limited(TNPL) was set up with aid of World Bank in 1979 in Kakithapuram
near Pugalur in Karur district. It is largest producers of bagasse based paper
in the world with the annual consumption of bagasse to one million tonnes per
It produce paper
Newsprint, papers for telephone directory, computers, offset printing papers
are also produced by TNPL.
4. Give an account of sugar industry in Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu produces about
10% of total sugar in India.
Suitable climate and soil
for high yielding varieties continuous irrigation facilities goods transport
marketing facilities and regularized and co-operative sector are favorable
factors of widespread sugar mills in the state.
A majority of distribution
of sugar units in Tamil Nadu functioning under the co-operative sector.
At present Tamil Nadu has 42 sugar mills, out of which 16 are under the co-operative sectors, three owned by public sector, 23 are private mills.
Jaggery, kandasari and
sugar the products from the sugar industry.