1. During industrial revolution
production became faster
2. England is birth
place of the industrial revolution.
3. Great Britain is
4. Cotton Gin was invented
by Eli Whitney
5. In 1830 the
first passenger railway was operated
1. John kay – Flying
2. James watt – New
3. Faraday – Dynamo
4. Macadam – Road
5. Humphrey davy – safety
a) What was the first
momentum from the outburst of invention?
b) By whom flying shuttle
c) Who invented sewing
d) When was cotton gin
Invention in powers
a) Who invented a new
steam engine in 1769?
b) By whom safety lamp was
c) What did bersemer invented
of making steel
d) Who introduced the
pudding process for the purification of pig iron?
1. What is meant by Industrial revolution?
It refers to shift from an
agrarian, handicraft, labour intensive economy into one dominated by machine
manufacturers factories and a free flow of capital.
2. What were the result of the expansion of commerce?
Foundation for the rapid
expansion of trade.
Encourage the scientists
to invent machines. Gave birth to capitalism.The people produced goods on large
3. Write a note on Revolution in agriculture?
The new farm machinery
included the steel plough and harrow. Machines for reaping and threshing.
The practice of crop
rotation was adopted to maintain soil fertility.
4. What is the motive behind Socialism?
The motive behind
socialism is that there should be just distribution of wealth.The gap between
the rich and the poor.
5. Who was Karl Marx? What was his theory?
Karl Marx is a socialist
His theory is based on the
assumption that production and physical forces have an intimate relationship
and the surplus value of products should go in favor of the working class.
ANSWER IN PARAGRAPH:
1. What were the causes for industrial revolution?
term industrial revolution refers to the shift from an agrarian handicraft,
labor intensive economic into one dominated by machine manufacture factors and
the free flow of capital.Innovation in agricultural
traditional patterns of agriculture were breaking up.
becomes more and more capitalist enterprise.
demand for English goods went on increasing.
of new lands and new sea routes
efficient agriculture and better food distribution.
progress of science revolutionized the method of production.
2. What were the effects of Industrial Revolution?
The changes in
agricultural production, business organization and technology.Pollution
affected the health of people.
The industrial found more
profitable to employ woman and children in the factories.
The society create two
distinct classes, they are Capitalist and laborers.
The factory acts passed
in1819, 1933 and 1847to improve the conditions of laborers.
In 1825 trade unions were
organized to fight for their rights.
The establishments of
factories like Manchester, Lancashire, Birmingham and Sheffield.
The Industrial Revolution
made the “rich richer and poor poorer”
3. Mention some important scientific inventions were made during
1. Tea, coffee, rubber, pepper
and cashew are plantation crops
Agriculture is the primary traditional occupation
3. Dry farming type of farming is known as
manavari in Tamil Nadu.
4. Well type of irrigation is most pre
dominate irrigation system in Tamil Nadu
5. Tamil Nadu rice research institute
is in aduthurai
1. Rearing of
2. Rearing of silk worms-sericulture
3. Rearing of
honey bees- apiculture
5. thuthukudi –leading port in fish
ANSWER IN BRIEF:
1. what do you mean by subsistence intensive
that is carried on small land holdings that produces food crops for local
consumption and not for external trade is known as subsistence intensive
farmers in Tamil Nadu practice subsistence intensive farming.
2. Write short note on a) mixed
farming b) plantation farming c) market gardening
Mixed farming is one where in land
allotted for more than one activity along with agriculture
Plantation farming is yet another type
of farming where crops are grown on large farms or estate.
Market gardening includes horticulture
and floriculture they are grown on the large scale and supplied to the urban
market for export purposes.
the factors influencing agriculture
The factors influencing agriculture
may be classified as physical, social and economic factors
The physical factors include soil,
temperature, rainfall, humidity, climate and slopes of land.
The social factors include
traditional, knowledge, belief, and myths of farmers, farm size and holdings
and farmers acceptance towards innovation.
out the significance of Kallanai in Tamil Nadu
Kallanai built around first century by
Karikalan is still in use.
It is considered to be the oldest
water regulatory structure in the world.
The grand anaicut build across the
river kaveri near thiruchirapalli diverts the water to the entire delta region
5. Difference between wet farming and
supply is available throughout the year from rainfall for irrigation
is carried out only during rainy season without irrigation.
sugarcane are grown
millets are grown
river basins Tamil Nadu practice this type of farming
of Vellore Thiruvannamalai, Ramanadhapuram, Thirunelveli practice this type
6. Difference between marine fishing
and deep sea fishing
carried out in the oceans and seas
carried out in lakes rivers, ponds, estuaries, back waters and swamps.
mechanized boats are used for fish catching.
diesel boats, floating net cages are used.
varieties are sharks, flying fish, counch, cat fish, silver bellies and
varieties are catla, rogue, mirkal, eel and calabaashu.
Describe the cropping seasons of Tamil Nadu.
Cropping seasons of Tamil Nadu can be
grouped as sornavari, samba, navarai.
A) Sornavari is the otherwise known as
are sown during may and harvested in October.
of may coincide with tamil month chitthirai.
It is also
known as chitthirai pattam.
B) Samba is otherewise known as summer
are sown in the month of july which coincides with
harvested in January.
season is reffered to as aadi pattam in Tamil Nadu.
C) Navarai seeds are sown in the month
harvested in march.
season is nowmn as karthigai pattam
month kathigai coincides with month of November.
2. Write a
paragraph about inland fishing.
carried out in lakes, rivers, ponds,estuaries,back waters and swamps is called
(small wooden boats) , diesel boats, and floAting net cages are used.
varieties are catla, rogue, mirkal, eel, and calabaashu.
has three hectares of inland water,63000 hectares of estuaries, back waters and
and prawns are cultured inorganized nurseries ennore and pulicat lake for
estimated inland fish production for the year 2007 to 2008 was 164,504 tonnes.
vellore district ranks first among the districts with 10% of inland fishing
production of the state.
sivagangai and virudhunagar stand second with 9% of inland fish catch.
about the changing trends in agriculture in Tamil Nadu
method of agriculture is slowly being replaced by scientific and technical
university in Coimbatore and MS. Swaminathan research foundation in Taramani,
Chennai are actively involved in fusing traditional with modern methods.
recent agricultural innovative trends are MICRO irrigation, integrated pest
control management(IPM) , growing blue green algae and azolla, precision forming
through remote sensing, geographical information system and global positioning
in organic matter will increase the water holding capacity of the soil.
support the microbial activity and hasten the nutrient absorption capacity of
4. Mention the efforts taken by the
government in improving agriculture in the state.
taken by government to improve agriculture are
government supplies quality and certified seeds to the farmers.
organic matter and micro nutrients are supplied at subsidized rate.
electricity is provided to small and marginal farmers for about 6 to 8 hours a
fixes the prices for agricultural products to safe guard the farmers from
market (uzhavar santhai) enhances the farmers to get better share of prices at
same time consumers to get agricultural produce at affordable prices.
insurance scheme has been introduced.
has set up agricultural export zones in nilgiris and krishnagiri
4. Give an
account of thermal power resources of Tamil Nadu
Power generated from non renewable
energy resources such as coal, oil and natural gas is known as thermal power.
Thermal power is produced by heating the water. The steam thus formed spins the
turban to produce electricity.
3. The river chittar is an important
tributary of Tamirabarani river.
4. The longest river flowing in Tamil
Nadu is kaveri.
5. The noyyal and amaravathi are
tributaries of Kaveri.
II. Match the following:
1. Eastern ghats – shevarayan
2. western ghats – nilgiris
3. Kavari river – karnataka
4. Kodaikanal – queen of hill station
5. Vaigai – Madurai
III. Answer in Brief:
1. Name the important rivers of Tamil
The northern rivers of Tamil Nadu are Araniyar, Korattalaiyar, Palar, Vaigai, Vaippar and Tamirabarani in the south are
2. What are the major physical
divisons of Tamil Nadu?
The hilly region(western ghats and eastern ghats)
The coast line
3. Mention important hills in the
northern districts of Tamil Nadu?
Javadi hills and Elagiri hills in Vellore district
Shervarayan hills in Salem district
Kalvarayan in Villupuram district
Pachai malai in Thiruchippalli district
Kolli hills in Nammakal district
Chitteri hills in Darmapuri and salem district
Gingee hills in Thiruvannamali district.
4. Write a short note on marina beach?
Marina beach is the second largest beach in the world.
It extends up to a distance of 13 km.
It is one
of the major tourist attractions of Chennai.
5. Distinguish between Eastern ghats
and Western ghats.
ghats are not continuous
average height is from 1100m to 1600m
extend from the north east to south west through the districts of Vellore,
Darmapuri and erode.
highest hills of Eastern ghats is Shervarayan hills 1500m to 1600m.
ghats is a continuous one
average height is from 1000m to 1500m
western ghats enters the state through the Nilgris district and runs up to
highest hills of western ghats is anaimalai hills 2700m Eastern ghats western