6th Geography

MAPS AND GLOBE

1. The imaginary lines that are drawn from the east to the west on a globe is called——

Latitude

2. Longitude is called as the —————-

Greenwich Meridian

3. Map that show the continents, countries, capitals is called as ——

Politic

II. Answer the following:

1. Which is a map?

· A map is a representation of the earth or part of it and is drawn to scale on paper on cloth.

2. Explain thematic maps.

· Maps that show temperature, forest and mineral resources are drawn based on a theme.

Hence they are called Thematic maps.

Example: the transport map of India and the Industrial map of Tamil Nadu.

3. What is the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India?

We locate India between 80N to 370 N latitudes and between 680 E to 970 E longitudes.

4. Write the uses of the Maps.

· It is used to locate the places.

· It is used to locate resources that are found on earth.

· It is helps the military to move its troops.

· It helps in planning.

· It helps us to know the movement of the satellite and planets in the sky.

· It is used for teaching and learning in a class room.

6th Geography

THE EARTH WE LIVE IN

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Land that is surrounded by water on all the four sides is called an —–

Peninsula

2. The world’s deepest Mariana trench is located in the ——— ocean.

Pacific

3. Sri Lanka is an ————

Island

II. Answer the following:

1. Distinguish between a plain and a plateau.

Plain:

A relatively flat and low lying and surface with almost no different between its highest and lowest points is a plain.

Example; the plain of Gangetic

Plateau

The land that is higher than the surrounding region with a flattened top is called a Plataeu.

Example; The plateau of Tibet

2. Define peninsula. Give an example

Peninsula is a piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides India is a peninsula

3. Why is Earth called as living planet?

· The land, water, air and favorable climate facilities the origin of life and help them in their requirement on the earth

· Plants animal and millions of micro organism are found and found on the land surface

· Thus earth is known as a living planets

6th Geography

ROTATION AND REVOLUTION OF THE EARTH

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. The Earth is inclined at an angle of —— degree

23 1/2

2. Rotation result in ———

Day and Night changes

3. In a leap years February has ————- days.

29

II. Answer the following:

1. Why does day and night changes happen?

Ø The earth takes approximately 23 hours and 56 minutes for one rotation on its axis.

Ø This movement is called rotation.

Ø It causes day and night.

2. When it is summer in the northern hemisphere, why it is winter in the southern hemisphere?

§ The seasons are not same everywhere on the earth.

§ If it is summer in the northern hemisphere, it is winter in the southern hemisphere.

§ And if it is summer in the southern hemisphere, winter in the northern hemisphere.

§ Hence there is reversal of the seasons.

3. Why do the poles have six months of day and six months of night?

§ The inclination of the Earth’s axis not only causes seasonal changes but there is something amazing about it.

§ At the poles there are six months continuous daylight and six months of continuous darkness.