7th Civics

LEGISLATIONS AND WELFARE SCHEMES FOR WOMAN AND CHILDREN

I. Choose the correct answers:

1. The children are the future pillars of our nation.

2. The Article 39 in the constitution provides facilities for children to develop in a healthy manner.

3. The Government of India introduced the right to education on 1st April 2010.

4. The 72nd and 73rd Amendment Acts have provided 33% reservation of seats for women in the local bodies.

5. Swayam singh deals with the socio economic development and empowerment of woman through self-help group.

II. Fill in the blanks:-

1. The Juvenile injustice act was amended in the year 2000.

2. The child line service aims at helping children during times of differenties and emergency.

3. The child marriage restrait act of 1978 has increased the age of marriage to irls from 15 to 18 years.

4. Tamilnadu legislature passed the prohibition of Eve-teasing law in 1997.

5. The family counseling centres were started to give counseling for the victims facing social problems.

III Match:-

1. Article 45 —- free and compulsory education.

2. ICDS scheme —- to reduce rate of mortality

3. Children’s day —– 14th November

4. Dowry prohibition — 1961

5. Short stay home —- rehabilitions of girls.

IV Answer the following:-

1. What does article no 24 deal with?

Article 24 is a fundamental right. It deals with the right against exploitation and prohibition of child labour.

2. Name a few acts passed for the welfare of children.

Article 39(f) provides facilities for the children to develop in a healthy manner, provides for proper care for child and youth, and provides protection against exploitation. Article 45 provides for free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14 years.

3. Which group of children are given due recognition by our government on the republic day?

v The national child Award for exceptional achievement was instituted in 1996 to honor such children.

v Children between the age group of 4and 15 years are honoured with meritorious award on Republic day every year.

4.How do Article 23 help women?

v Article 23 prohibits trade of woman like commodities.

v Forced labour is made as an offence.

v Human trafficking is made illegal.

v Woman is assumed the right against exploitation.

5. What does Dowry prohibition act law?

v The dowry prohibition act of 1961 bans the custom of giving and receiving dowry.

v The dowry prohibition amendment act of 1986 provides drastic punishments for those ill-treating women in connection with dowry.

V. Detail:-

1. What are the schemes and programmes undertaken for the upliftment of child?

v Integrated child development services (ICDS) scheme (1975) has the following objectives.

v To improve the health of children pregnant woman and feeding mother.

v To reduce the rate of mortality and malnutrition and school dropout.

v Rajiv Gandhi National scheme for children of working mothers provides service to child of working by opening crèches.

v An integrated programme for street children provides facilities like shelter, nutrition, healthcare, education and leisure facilities.

v It protects them from abuse and exploitation.

v Childline services aims of difficulties and emergencies. They also concentrate on childcare and protection.

v Integrated child protection scheme provides institutional as well as non institutional support for children.

2. Give a detailed account of the economic empowerment schemes for women.

v Many schemes and program have been formulated to protect educate and uplift women in India.

v This programme was started in the year 1996 to provide employment for women in handloom, handicrafts, khadi and village industries.

v The scheme was for the socio-economic development and empowerment of women through self help group, etc.

v These homes help to rehabilitate girls and women facing social, economic and emotional problems.

v These centers give counseling to the victims facing social atrocities and family mal-adjustment.

v Girls in the age group of 15 years and above who fail to complete their schooling due to various reasons are given education and training in relevant skills.

v These courses create job-opportunities for them and facilities their empowerment

7th Civics

UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION

I Choose the correct answer:

1. The Headquarters of the UNO is at___________ .

a) Washington b) Hague c) New York

2. The _________is called the Parliament of Mankind.

a) Trusteeship Council b) General Assembly c) Economic and Social Council

3. One of the official languages of the UNO is________

a) Hindi b) German c) French

4. There are permanent members in the Security Council.

a) 4 b)5 c ) 1 0

5. The programme launched by the has successfully eradicated small pox.

a) WHO b) ILO c) UNESCO

II Fill in the blanks:

1. The term United Nations was coined by Franklin Roosevelt.

2. The UN Charter was signed by 56 countries on 26th June 1945.

3. The executive branch of the UNO is security council.

4. All the Trust Territories have attained self-government by the year 1994

5. The International Court of Justice is located at Hague in Holland.

III Match the following:

1. UN conference – San Francisco

2. UNO – 24 Oct 1945

3. Ban ki moon – UN secretary general

4. UN head quarters – New York

5. UNHCR – resettles refugees

IV Answer the following questions briefly.

1. Describe the emblem of the UNO.

The emblem is a map of the World as seen from the North Pole with five concentric circles.

It is surrounded by a wreath of olive branches which symbolizes peace.

The World map depicts the United Nations area of concern in achieving its main purpose namely peace and security.

2. Which are the official languages of the UNO?

The official languages of the UN are English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese and Arabic.

3. Mention any two objectives of the UNO

v To solve the disputes among the member countries through peaceful means.

v To maintain international peace and security.

v To develop friendly relations among nations.

v To co- operate in solving international, economic, social, cultural or humanitarian Problems.

v To promote social progress, better living standards and human rights.

4. Who are the permanent members of the Security Council?

v The Security Council is composed of fifteen members – five permanent members and ten non permanent members.

v The permanent members are Russian Federation, France, USA, UK and China.

5. What is the role of the International Court of Justice?

v The International Court of Justice is also known as the World Court.

v The International Court solves the disputes between the countries concerned.

v The Court also gives advisory opinion to the United Nations and its specialized agencies.

v It is situated in the city of Hague in Holland.

V Answer in detail.

1. Write a note on the millennium development goals of the UNO.

UNO Millennium Development Goals

v The UNO formulated the following goals for the present millennium.

· To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.

· To achieve universal primary education.

· To promote gender equality and empower women.

· To reduce child mortality

· To improve maternal health.

· To fight against HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.

· To ensure environment sustainability.

· To develop a global partnership for development.

2.What are the main organs of the UNO? Explain the functions of the Security Council.

Organs of UNO

The six principle organs are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice, the Trusteeship Council and the Secretariat.

The Security Council

v The Security Council is the second important organ of the UNO. It acts as the executive branch of the UNO.

v The Security Council is composed of fifteen members – five permanent members and ten Non Permanent members.

v The permanent members are Russian Federation, France, USA, UK and China.

v The non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for a term of 2 years.

v The Security Council meets every month and a new President is elected.

v The Council needs a 2/3 majority to take decisions. The permanent members have the veto power.

v (Power to say No to a decision.)

7th Civics

POLITICAL PARTIES

I Choose the correct answer:

1.A Political party creates ———- awareness.

Political.

2.Bi- party system exists in ———–

USA.

3.A party which is recognized as a state party in ——— states is a national party.

Four.

4.————— form the backbone of democracy.

Political parties.

II .Fill in the blanks

1.In a democracy, the citizen is both the ruler and ———

Ruled.

2.Political parties help in forming ———- opinion.

Public.

3.political parties serve as a link between the ———- and the government.

People.

4.The country having the larest number of political parties is ——–

India

5.Large and established parties have unique ———

Symbol.

III. Answer the following question:-

1. Give Abraham Lincolns definition for democracy.

According to Abraham Lincoln:

“Democracy is the government of the people, for the people and by the people”.

2. What is a political party?

A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold powers in the government.

3. What are the components of a political party?

A political party has three components- A leader, Active members and The Followers.

4. Mention a few characteristics of a political party?

· A political party agrees on important matters of public policy.

· It aims to take part in the struggle for power.

· It Implements its policies and programmes by constitutional means.

· It should have definite aims and objectives.

5. When is a political party recognized as a National party?

A party is recognized as a state party in at least four states is recognized as a National party.

IV. Details

1.Give an account of the functions of political parties in a democratic country.

· Parties contest elections.

· Parties put forward their policies and programmes, before the voters.

· Parties play a decisive role in making laws.

· The party which wins majority in the elections becomes the ruling party and runs the government those parties that lose the majority in the elections from the opposition.

· Parties shape public opinion.

· They raise and highlight issues.

2. What are the three types of party system in the world? Explain with examples.

There are three types of Party system in type world namely,

1. Single party system:

Single party system in which one ruling party is permitted. Eg. USSR

2. Bi-party system.

Two party system in which two major parties exists. Eg.USA, UK.

3. Multi party system.

Multi party system in which there are more than two political parties. Eg. India, Sri Lanka.

7th Civics

INDIAN CONSTITUTION

I. Choose the best answer:-

1. The first session of the constituent Assembly was presided Dr.S.P.Sinha.

2. Our constitution came into existence on 26th Jan 1950.

3. The preamble declares India as a ______ country. Democratic.

4. The people of India are given complete authority by the Indian Constitution.

5. In a parliamentary system, the executive is collectively responsible to the Legislature.

II. FILL IN THE BLANKS:-

The first president of Indian was Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

2. The chief architect of the Indian constitution was Dr.BR.Ambedkar.

3. An introduction to our constitution is found in the Preamble.

4. A secular state does not have a religion of its own.

5. Directive principles aim at the establishment of the welfare state.

III. MATCH IT:-

1. Constituent Assembly — 9th Dec 1946

2. Drafting committee —- 29th Aug 1947

3. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar —- Chairman of committee

4. Republic day —- 26th Jan 1950

5. Right against exploitation — Prohibition of forced labour.

IV. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:-

1. Write a note eon B.R. Ambedkar

The Drafting committee was consisted on 29th Aug 1947 under the chairmanship of Dr.B.R.Ambedkar.

He was a brilliant constitutional expert and chief architect of Indian constitution.

2. What does the preamble declare our country to be?

The preamble declares India as a Sovereign, Socialists, Secular, democratic Republic.

Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity are the objectives of the constitution.

3. Why do we say India is a secular state?.

· In a secular state, the people are not discrimination on the basis of religion.

· All citizens enjoy freedom of worship.

· The state does not have a religion of its own.

· All religions in our country have the same status and support from the state.

4. What is meant by constitutional Remedies?

Right to constitutional remedies enables the citizen to approach the Supreme Court directly when there is violation of fundamental rights.

5. What does universal; Adult franchise mean?

The constitution of India has introduced Universal Adult franchise.

All the citizens above the age of 18 years irrespective of their caste, color, religion, sex, literacy, wealth etc. are entitled to participate in elections.

V. ANSWER IN DETAIL:-

1. What does popular sovereignty mean?

v The constitution gives complete authority to the people of India.

v The popular sovereignty or complete authority of the people is reaffirmed in several places in the constitution, particularly in the chapter election.

v The central and state governments derive their authority from the people.

v They are ultimately responsible to the people through the legislature.

v Hence, people are sovereign.

v This is the principle of popular sovereignty.

2. Write in detail on the fundamental rights guaranteed to a citizen.

Right to equality:

All are equal before law.

Right to freedom:

Freedom of speech and expression, right to life, personal liberty etc.

Rights to freedom of Religion:

It guaranteed the citizen freedom to follow any religion.

Cultural and Educational right:

It gives rights to all citizens to reserve their language, script and culture.

Rights to constitutional Remedies:

This enables the citizen to approach the Supreme Court directly when there is violation of

fundamental rights.

3. What are the fundamental duties? Mention any 5 of them.

v The Indian constitution contains certain duties to be performed by all the citizens of India.

v These duties are called such as fundamental duties.

v To abide by the constitution and its ideals, to respect the

v National flag, the National anthem etc.

v To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.

v To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood.

v To value and preserve the rich heritage of our culture.

v To strive towards Excellence in all spheres.

7th Civics

OUR NATION

I. Choose the best answer:-

1. India is the _______largest country in the world Seventh.

2. The constitutions of India came into force on 26 Jan 1950.

3. The supreme court of India is at New Delhi.

4. The National song Vande mataram was composed by Bankim Chandra chatterjee.

5. Our national tree is the Banyan tree.

II. FILL IN THE BLANKS:-

1. The Republic of India is governed in terms of the constitution.

2. The head of the Indian union is The President of India.

3. The loksabha is also called as The lower house.

4. Satyameva jayatee is inscribed in our National Emblem.

5. The National Bird of India is Peacock

III. MATCH THE FOLLOWING:-

1. The president – First citizen of India.

2. The chief minister – Appointed by the Governor.

3. Supreme Court – Guardian of our Constitution

4. National symbol – Unique identification.

5. National Anthem – Rabindranath Tagore.

IV. ANSWERS THE QUESTIONS:-

1. Write about the location of India

· India is bounded by the Himalayan ranges in the north.

· The Indian Ocean in the south,

· The Bay of Bengal in the east,

· Arabian Sea in the west.

· India is entirely situated in the Northern Hemisphere.

2. What are the Qualifications needed for a person to be elected as the president of India?

A person who is the citizen of India.

And not less than 35 years of age can contest the presidential elections.

3. Name some of our National symbols.

v National song — Vande Mataram

v National Animal — Tiger

v National Bird — Peacock

v National flower — Lotus.

4. What is the message given by our National Anthem?

The National Anthem reflects the glory and the greatness of our motherland.

It gives the message of tolerance, unity, integrity and patriotism.

5. What is our National flower noted for?

The National flower noted for its majesty, grandeur, beauty and fragrance.

It denotes unity.

V. ANSWER IN BRIEFLY:-

1. Write in detail about the Lok Sabha

Loksabha is also called as the lower house of the parliament.

It consists of memebers who are mostly directly elected by the people on the basis of universal adult suffrage.

The candidate who secures the maximum votes represents his constituency in the lok sabha.