10th Civics

CONSUMER RIGHTS

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. A person one who gives final utility to a commodity is Consumer

2. The customer are exploited by the Traders

3. The Right to information Act was passed by the Parliament on 12th October 2005

4. World consumer day is celebrated on March 15

5. The Magna Carta of consumers COPRA

6. One of the planning schemes to create awareness among the consumers Trade fair

II. Answer the following in brief:

1. How are the customers exploited? Mention any two forms

  • The consumers are exploited by manufacturers and traders in different ways.
  • The goods being sold in the market are sometimes not measured or weighed correctly.
  • The goods sold are sometimes of sub-standard quality.

2. Write a brief note on the birth of COPRA.

Birth of “COPRA”

The right to redress lead to the passing of the Consumer Protection Act(COPRA) in 1986 in India which has been defined as the Magna Carta of Consumers.

3. Write any two measures taken by the Government of Tamil Nadu to protect the consumers against exploitation.

  • Providing consumer education through Women Self Help Groups.
  • Residents Welfare Associations in urban areas.
  • Generating awareness through sectoral workshops & seminars.
  • Publication and distribution of monthly magazine under the caption. “Tamil Nadu Nugarvor Kavasam”.

III. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Write a paragraph on the rights of consumers.

Birth of “Copra”

The right to redress lead to the passing of the Consumer Protection Act (COPRA) in 1986 in India which has been defined as the Magna Carta of consumers.

Rights of Consumers

  • The consumers have the right to be protected against marketing of goods and services, which are hazardous to life and property.
  • The quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and price of goods; should be properly informed.
  • Assurance of access to goods and services at competitive price.
  • The consumer has the right to be assured of satisfactory quality and service at a fair price.
  • They seek redressal against unfair trade practices and right to fair settlement of the genuine grievances.
  • The right of Information Act was passed by the parliament on 12th Oct, 2005 to enable to access information from public bodies.

2. What are the measures taken by the Government of Tamil Nadu to protect the consumers?

Measures taken by the Government of Tamil Nadu to protect the consumers.

  • Providing consumer education through Women Self Help Groups.
  • Residents Welfare Associations in Urban areas.
  • Generating awareness through sectoral workshops and seminars.
  • Publication and distribution of monthly magazine under the caption “Tamil Nadu Nugarvorkavasam”.
  • Propagating awareness through radio/Television media and short video films.

The motto of developing citizen as a “valuable consumer” in providing consumer education to general public.

10th Civics

UNITY IN DIVERSITY

I. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER:

1. The ancient religion of our country is Vedic region

2. Recognised official languages of India 22

3. Language is the means of Communication

4. Thembavani is related to Christianity

5. Buddha Poornima is celebrated by the Buddhist

6. They play an important part in fostering unity and integration Music and dance

II. Answer the following in brief:

1. Why is India called the “Museum of human race”?

  • India has a population of more than hundred Crores made up of diverse ethnic groups, castes, religions, speaking hundreds of languages.
  • It had made it both a museum and a laboratory for the study of a man. Hence India is rightly called the “Museum of human race”.

2. Name some of the religions of India.

  • Vedic religion
  • Christianity
  • Zoroastrianism
  • Muslim
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism
  • Sikhism

3. How do our customs, habits and heritage help to maintain unity?

The Indian heritage advocates hospitality, charity, friendship, love, unselfishness, dharma, proper conduct, humility, truth, peace, mercy, spiritual feelings, respect for parents and elders and tolerance.

This is how out customs, habits and heritage help to maintain unity.

4. What do you know about art and architecture of India?

Art and Architecture

  • India was famous for its architectural unique
  • The paintings at Ajantha and Ellora are world famous.
  • The Gandhara Art and Sculpture speaks the excellence of India’s greatness in this field.
  • Temple Architecture is the best among Indian building architecture.

5. Give a brief note on Indian Music and Dance.

Music and Dance

  • The Carnatic style and Hindustani music is loved and learned by many.
  • Bharathanatiya, Kuchipudi, Kathak,Manipur and Oddissi are some of the famous dances in India.
  • In many respects the rich and varied Indian Music and Dance play an important role in fostering unity and integration.
  •  

III. Detail:

1. Explain how do language and literature help to maintain unity in diversity.

Language

  • People of India speak different languages like Tamil, Malayalam, Hindi, Urdu and many foreign languages are spoken by its people.
  • Almost, in India about 845 languages are spoken. Out of these 22 are recognized as the official language.
  • Hindi is the national language of India.
  • English is being used as the concurrent-language.
  • Language is the means of communication, the instruments of growth, development and common brotherhood, Literature
  • The growth of Indian languages led to Indian literature to reach its zenith.
  • Languages have helped the growth of thoughts and philosophy.
  • The Ramayana and Mahabharata are the two great epics of India.
  • Bhagavad-Gita is the holy book of Hindus.
  • Thembavani written by Veeramamunivar is related to Christianity.

2. Write a paragraph on National Integration.

National Integration

  • In spite of diversity in physical features, habits, religious faiths, languages, food and dress make the people look different but the heritage of India binds them together; Humanism, brotherhood, friendship make the Indians live in unity and harmony.
  • The feeling and thought that all are the sons of Bharath, all are Indians.
  • National flag, and National anthem, United we live divided we fall safeguard National Integration.
  • This unity of India achieved through the ages right from the days of the Indus culture.
10th Civics

DEMOCRACY

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. The most popular form of Government in modern days Democracy

2. Direct Democracy existed in ancient Greece

3. Telugu Desam is a Regional party

4. If two parties exist in a country, it is called Bi-party system

5. The opposition party leader will be given the status of a Cabinet Minister

6. To contest an election a person should be above the age of 25

7. The body of the elected representatives at the Central level is known as Parliament

8. The status of election commissioner is equivalent to that of the Supreme Court Judge

9. The election process in the state level is supervised by Chief Electoral Officer

10. Election Commission is situated at New Delhi

II. Answer the following in brief:

1. Give Abraham Lincoln’s definition of Democracy.

According to Abraham Lincoln, “Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people”.

2. What are National Parties?

National Parties

A party recognized by the Election Commission, that secures at least six percent of the total votes in Lok Sabha election in four or more states, then it is called National Party. Eg: Congress, BJP.

3. What is a Political Party?

A political party is an organized association of people who come together on a common platform with the objective of winning political power. It is called as political parties.

4. Mention the functions of the political parties.

Functions of the Political Parties

  • Formulation of General policies.
  • Contesting elections
  • Educating the masses
  • To conduct and criticize the government
  • Playing the role of an intermediary body between the government and the people.
  • Integrative policy.

5. Write the advantages of Single Party system

Advantages of the Single Party Rule

  • During the periods of emergency could function more efficiently and quickly to set matters right.
  • Decisions could be taken quickly and Expenditure could also be controlled.
  • It promotes greater national identity.

6. Give a brief note on the functions of the Election Commission.

Functions of the Election Commission

  • It gives recognition to the political parties.
  • It allots symbol for the parties as well as independent candidates.
  • It announces the dates of election and final results.

III. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Explain the types and importance of democracy.

Democracy can be classified into two

* Direct Democracy and

* Indirect Democracy.

Direct Democracy:-

  • People directly participate in the functioning of the government.
  • Existed in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Indirect Democracy:-

  • The representatives are duly elected by the people.
  • They form and run the government.
  • Most of the countries in the world follow indirect democracy.

Importance of Democracy:-

People have the freedom to choose their representatives.

  • It ensures treating people with dignity.
  • People are guaranteed fundamental rights like the right to life and liberty.
  • Democratic government should Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

2. Mention the types of election and explain them.

Types of Elections in India

  1. Direct Election
  2. Indirect Election
  3. By-Elections
  4. Mid-term poll

Direct Election

  • The citizens elect the representatives through votes.
  • Members of the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies are elected in this manner.

Indirect Elections

  • The elected representatives are the voters here.
  • The members of the Rajya Sabha, the President and Vice-President are elected in this manner.

By-Elections

  • By-Elections held when an elected candidate from a constituency dies or resigns elections will be held. Such Elections are called by-elections.

Mid-term polls

  • Parliament or the state legislatures do not function for the whole period of five years for various reasons.
  • Then they are dissolved, elections are held.
  • These elections are called the mid-term polls.

3. Explain the role of Opposition party in a democracy.

The party which gets majority seats in the Lok Sabha next to the ruling party is called the opposition party.

Role of Opposition parties

  • To check the government from becoming authoritarian.
  • The main duty of the opposition party is to criticize the policies of the government.
  • Attract the attention of the press and report their criticism of the government.
  • The opposition parties have the right to check the expenditure.
  • The criticisms of these parties make the ruling party correct its actions.
10th Civics

India and World Peace

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. India is a country with an unbounded faith in Peace

2. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s five principles of peace are named as Pancha Sheel

3. Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was signed in 1963

4. India brought a resolution in the UN General Assembly in favour of disarmament in 1956

5. Apartheid was abolished in 1990

6. The first Secretary General of SAARC was Ashan

II. Answer the following in brief

1. Mention the important aspects of India’s policy for promoting peace.

The important aspects of India’s policy for promoting peace

  • Promoter of world peace
  • Panchasheel
  • Dis-Armament and Nuclear Weapons
  • A Great Helper
  • Policy of Non-alignment
  • India-a dead enemy of oppression and injustice
  • A Great supporter of the UNO
  • Ending of Apartheid

2. Why is world peace an essential one?

Economic development of the nations can be achieved only through world peace.

World peace is essential not only for the economic development of India but also for all the developing countries of the world.

3. What are the five principles of the Pancha Sheel?

The five principles of the Pancha Sheel

  1. Each country should respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others.
  2. No country should attack any other country.
  3. No one should try to interfere in the internal affairs of others.
  4. All country shall strive for equality and mutual benefit.
  5. Every country should try to follow the policy of peaceful coexistence.

4. Write a note on the policy of APARTHEID.

  • Apartheid- Policy of racial discrimination followed in South Africa.
  • The whites did not give equal rights to the native Africans.
  • India has raised this issue for the first time in the UN General Assembly in 1946.
  • Policy of Apartheid has been abolished in 1990.

5. Name the areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation.

The areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation

  • Transportation
  • Postal service
  • Tourism
  • Shipping
  • Meteorology
  • Health
  • Agriculture
  • Rural reconstruction and
  • Tele communication.

6. India has rendered whole hearted support to the UNO – Justify.

  • India has rendered whole-hearted support to the United Nations to bring World peace.
  • It tried to solve many problems by giving full support to the UNO.

III. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Write a paragraph about Pancha Sheel and the policy of Non-Alignment.

Pancha Sheel

India is called “A Great Peace Maker”. Jawaharlal Nehru laid these five principles known as Pancha Sheel.

  1. Each country should respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others.
  2. No country should attack any other country.
  3. No one should try to interfere in the internal affairs of others.
  4. All country shall strive for equality and mutual benefit.
  5. Every country should try to follow the policy of peaceful coexistence.

Policy of Non-alignment

After Second World War the world was divided into two blocs the American Bloc and the Russian Bloc.

India has not joined either of these two blocs.

India tries to remove difference contributing towards the World Peace.

2. Write a short note on SAARC.

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation(SAARC)
  • India took the initiative to form SAARC to maintain regional peace.
  • SAARC, S first meeting was held at Dacca in Bangladesh on Dec 7, 1985.
  • Ashan of Bangladesh was the first Secretary General of SAARC.
  • Member countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Srilanka.
  • On April 3, 2007 Afghanistan became its 8th member.

The areas identified by the SAARC countries for Mutual Cooperation

  • Promoter of world peace, Panchasheel
  • Dis-Armament and Nuclear Weapons
  • A Great Helper
  • Policy of Non-alignment
  • India-a dead enemy of oppression and injustice
  • A Great supporter of the UNO

Ending of Apartheid