THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION

I. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER:

1. The UNO was established in 1945

2. The UN charter was signed at San Francisco

3. UN’s main deliberative body is The General Assembly

4. The Seat of International Court of Justice is at The Hague

5. The United Nations celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 1995

II. Match the following:

1. New York  Head Quarters of UNO
2. Veto  Negative vote
3. Present Secretary General of UNO Antonio Guderres (from 13th Oct, 2016)
4. NTBT  1963
5. CTBT  1996

III. Answer the following in brief

1. What are the main objectives of the UNO?

The main objectives of the UNO

  • To maintain international peace and security.
  • To develop friendly relations among nations.
  • To settle international disputes by peaceful means.
  • To be a Centre for helping nations to achieve these goals.

2. Write a brief note on Security Council.

Note on Security Council

  • The Council has five Permanent members- The USA, the UK, France, Russian and China and ten non-permanent members.
  • The Permanent members have the right to veto (Negative vote).
  • Its main responsibility is to maintain international Peace and Security.

3. Mention any two major achievements of the UNO.

Two major achievements of the UNO

  • The UNO has solved many international disputes through peaceful negotiations.
  • It settled disputes between Israel and Palestine, and withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.
  • It has signed many Nuclear Test ban treaties like NTBT in 1963 and CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) in 1996.

4. Describe the 50th Anniversary Celebration of the UNO.

The 50th Anniversary Celebration of the UNO

  • In 1995 the United Nations celebrated its 50th Anniversary.
  • The theme was “We The People of the United Nations United for a Better World”.
  • In November 1995 the UN flag was carried into outer space to salute United Nations work.

5. Mention some of the specialized agencies of the UNO.

IV. Headings:

1. ORGANS OF THE UNO

[a] Name the major organs of the UNO.

The General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, the Secretariat.

[b] Who was elected as the President of the UN General Assembly in 1953?

Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit was elected as the President of the General Assembly in 1953.

[c] What is the function of the Trusteeship Council?

The Trusteeship Council looks after certain Territories placed under the Trusteeship of the UNO.

[d] How is the Secretary General of the UNO appointed?

The Secretary General is the Chief Administrative Officer of the UNO. He is appointed by the General Assembly on the advice of the Security Council for a period of five years.

2. MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE UNO

[a] Name the treaties signed by the UNO.

Nuclear Test Ban Treaties (NTBT) in 1963 and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996.

[b] Where was the UN Conference on Environment and Development held?

In the UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.

[c] What was adopted by all the countries?

“Agenda 21”.

[d] How did UNO tackle Suez Canal crisis?

The UNO played a vital role in the Suez Canal Crisis of 1956, it made France, Britain, and Israel to withdraw troops from Egypt.

V. DETAIL:

1. Explain the functions of the organs of the UNO.

The General Assembly:-

  • It is deliberative body. It has the right to discuss on all matters.
  • It consists of representatives of all member countries and five members with one vote.

The Security Council:-

  • The Council has five Permanent members-The USA, the UK, France and the Russian Federation and China and ten non-permanent members.
  • The Permanent members have the right to veto (Negative vote).
  • Its main responsibility is to maintain international Peace and Security.

The Economic and Social Council:-

  • It consists of 54 members.
  • It Co-ordinates the economic and social work of the United Nations and the speacialized Agencies.

The Trusteeship Council:-

  • The Trusteeship Council looks after certain Territories placed under the Trusteeship of the UNO.

International Court of Justice:-

  • It is located at The Hague. It consists of 15 Judges,
  • It acts as an advisory body for the General Assembly, Security Council and other organs of the UNO.

The Secretariat:-

  • The UN Secretariat carries out the day to day works of the organization.
  • The Secretary General is appointed by the General Assembly on the advice of the Security Council for a period of vie years.
  • The present Secretary General is Mr. Antonio Guderres (from 13th Oct, 2016) former Prime Minister of Portugal.

3. What are the major achievements of the UNO?

The major achievements of the UNO

  • UNO has rendered a great service in establishing peace and security by solving various problems.
  • The UNO has solved international disputes through peaceful negotiations.
  • It settled disputes between Israel and Palestine, and withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.
  • It has signed many Nuclear Test Ban treaties like NTBT in 1963 and CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) in 1996.
  • UNIFEM and INSTRAW to improve the quality of life for women.
  • The UNO played a vital role in the Suez Canal crisis of 1956.
  • The UNO also settled the Korean War and Vietnam War.