Second World War A.D. 1939 – A.D. 1945

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. This treaty contained the seeds of the Second World War. Treaty of Versailles

2. The coal mines given to France were Saar

3. The country emerged as a world power after the First World War was Japan

4. The principles of war and conquests was glorified by Dictators

5. In September 1938 Hitler threatened a war on Czechoslovakia

6. Hitler demanded the surrender of Danzig

7. Blitzkrieg means a Lightning war

8. The British Prime Minister during the Second World war was Sir Winston Churchill

9. Hitler signed the Non-Aggression Pact with Stalin

II. Match the following

1. Scorched Earth Policy  Russia
2. “U” Boats  German Submarines
3. Luftwaffe  Germany
4. Royal Air Force  England
5. Atlantic Charter  F.D. Roosevelt

III. Answer the following in brief:

1. How do you say that Spirit of Nationalism is one of the causes for the Second World War?

  • The concepts like Germany for Germans, Italy for Italians which emphasized nationalism.
  • Germany boosted the superiority of German race on the earth.

2. How did Japan sow the seeds for Second World War?

Japan sow the seeds for Second World War

  • Japan emerged as a World power after the First World War.
  • The industrial development and economic growth forced Japan to follow the policy of imperialism.
  • It signed Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis.

3. Has Munich Pact brought peace for some time? How?

  • Yes, the Munich agreement brought peace for six months
  • The pact was signed between Germany and Britain, Hitler was permitted to use Sudetenland and not to annex Czechoslovakia, and he followed for six month and violated it by annexing the
  • Czechoslovakia.

4. What was the immediate cause of the Second World War?

The immediate cause of the Second World War

  • In 1939, Hitler demanded from Poland the right to construct a military road connecting East Prussia and demanded the surrender of Danzig.
  • When Poland refused, Hitler made a lightening attack on Poland known as Blitzkrieg on 1, September 1939.

5. Write a note on the Scorched Earth Policy.

The Scorched Earth Policy

  • On June 22, 1941, Hitler invaded Russia, stalled the German (army) at the gates of Moscow.
  • Stalin has planned to evacuate the city, decided to stay and rally the city.
  • Russians followed the Scorched Earth Policy, set fire to crops, roads, railways, factories and even houses.
  • Germans could not gain anything.
  • Germans were able to capture the empty city of Moscow.
  • Germans retreated in January, 1944.

6. Write a note on Battle of Britain.

Battle of Britain

  • Hitler turned his attention to Britain.
  • His “U” boats (Sub marines) and Luftwaffe (Air force) continuously bombed London and torpedoed many British ships in 1940.
  • This is called the Battle of Britain.
  • British suffered heavy losses at first but turned the air strike against Germany.

7. Why did America declare war on Japan?

America declare war on Japan

  • The Japanese had attacked American fleet stationed at Pearl Harbour on December 7, 1941.
  • This attack forced the Americans to enter into the war. The very next day the USA declared war on Japan.

IV. Answer all the questions given under each caption

1. CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR

[a] Name the treaty signed by Japan, Italy and Germany.

Rome- Berlin-Tokyo axis.

[b] Mention some of the ideologies that emerged after the First World war.

After the First World War, the World was witnessed the rise of new ideologies such as Democracy, Communism, Fascism and Nazism.

[c] What was the policy followed by the Statesmen of the major world powers?

Policy of Appeasement.

[d] What did Hitler preach?

Germany Nationalist party (Nazi) party, preached a racist brand of Nazism.

2. OPERATOIN BARBARESSA

[a] Mention the year of operation Barbaressa.

In 1941.

[b] What was the wish of Hitler?

Hitler despised communism and wished to destroy in the land of its birth.

[c] What did he order?

Hitler ordered a large attack on the Yugoslavia and Greek.

[d] When did the Axis countries bring the Balkans under their control?

By the End of April.

3. END OF THE WAR

[a] Where did a big American and British force land?

Normandy.

[b] With whom did they join?

They were joined by the secret underground French forces.

[c] What did Hitler do?

He committed suicide.

[d] When did America drop atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

America dropped atom bombs on the cities of Hiroshima on August 6, and Nagasaki on August 9, 1945.

4. RESULTS OF THE WAR

[a] Who occupied Japan?

Japan was occupied by American forces under General Mc. Arthur.

[b] Name the two super powers that emerged after the Second World war.

America and Russia emerged as Super Powers.

[c] Mention some of the countries which got independence after the war.

India, Burma, Egypt, Ceylon and Malaya fought for their freedom and won their freedom from Britain, Philippines from America. Indo-China from France and Indonesia from the Dutch got their independence.

[d] Why was UNO set up?

The United Nations Organization was set up to maintain International cooperation and for the promotion human welfare.

V. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Write any five causes for the outbreak of Second World War.

Causes for the Second World War:-

Treaty of Versailles:-

  • Germany was levied a huge war indemnity.
  • The rich Saar coal mine was given to France for 15 years.
  • Her army was reduced.
  • All these humiliating terms against Germany resulted in the Second World War.

Spirit of Nationalism:-

The concepts like Germany for Germans, Italy for Italians which led to tension. Germany boosted the superiority of German race.

Failure of League of Nations:-

League of Nations failed in future and to maintain international peace and security.

Rise of Japan:-

Japan emerged as a World power after the First World War. It signed Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis. It sowed the seeds for Second World War.

Rise of Dictatorship:-

The rise of new ideologies such as Democracy, Communism, Fascism and Nazism which glorified the principles of the war.

Immediate Cause:-

  • In 1939, Hitler demanded from Poland the right to construct a military road connecting East Prussia and also demanded the surrender of Danzig.
  • When Poland refused, Hitler made a lightening attack on Poland known as Blitzkrieg on 1, September 1939.

2. Write a paragraph on Soviet attack and the Battle of Britain.

The Battle of Britain 1940:-

  • Hitler turned his attention to Britain.
  • His “U” boast (Sub marines) and Luftwaffe (Air force) continuously bombed London and torpedoed many British ships in 1940.
  • This is called the Battle of Britain.
  • British suffered heavy losses at first but turned the air strike against Germany.

Scorched Earth Policy:-

  • On June 22, 1941 Hitler invaded Russia, stalled the German (army) at the gates of Moscow.
  • Stalin had planned to evacuate the city, decided to stay and rally the city.
  • Germans could not gain anything.
  • Germans were able to capture the empty city of Moscow.
  • Germans retreated in January, 1944.

3. What were the results of the Second World War?

Results of the war:-

  • The destruction to life and property was on a much larger.
  • Over 50 Million were lost their lives.
  • It sounded the death knell to dictatorship in Germany and Italy.
  • Germany was divided into two:-
  • West Germany controlled by Britain, France, and America.
  • East Germany controlled by Russia.
  • At the end of the war Japan was occupied by American forces under General Mc Arthur.
  • America and Russia emerged as Super powers.
  • A cold war started between Russian and America.
  • India, Burma, Egypt, Ceylon and Malaya fought for their freedom and won their freedom from Britain.
  • The European countries gave up the policy of Colonialism and Imperialism.
  • The United Nations Organisation was set up to maintain international peace and harmony.