NAZISM IN GERMANY A.D. 1933 – A.D.1945

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. A democratic constitution with the federal structure was established by a National Assembly met at Weimer

2. The Allied armies occupied the resources in Rhineland

3. Hitler’s anti-Semitism grew to the extent of killing the Jews

4. For some time Hitler was a Painter

5. In 1941, Hitler invaded Russia

6. The Allies were strengthened by the entry of America

II. Match the following

1. Brown shirts 1925  Followers of Hitler
2. Fuhrer  Leader
3. Swastika  Nazi Emblem
4. Gestapo  Hitler’s Secret Police
5. Mein Kampf  My struggle

III. Answer the following in brief

1. What did Hitler declare?

Hitler declared,

“One People”

“One State”

“One Leader”

2. What did he do in 1923? What was the result?

  • Hitler made an attempt to capture power in 1923.
  • It was known as “Beer Hall Revolution”.
  • He failed was arrested put in jail for 5 years.
  • When he was in prison he wrote a book called “Mein Kampf” (My Struggle).

3. How did Hitler become a chancellor of Germany?

Hitler become a chancellor of Germany

  • In the election of 1932, the Nazi party became the 2nd largest group in the German Parliament.
  • Hitler became the Chancellor and Hindenburg as President.
  • On the death of President Hindenburg in August 1934, Hitler made himself President and Chancellor.

4. Write a brief note on Munich Agreement.

Munich Agreement

  • Hitler went on seeking Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia.
  • An agreement was signed between Germany and Neville Chamberlain, at Munich in 1938.
  • By the Munich pact Germany was allowed to annex the Sudetenland but not to conquer any more territories.
  • In 1939, Hitler violated the Munich agreement annexed whole Czechoslovakia.

5. How did Hitler maintain the policy of the Nordic race?

Hitler maintain the policy of the Nordic race

Hitler boasted about the superiority of the Nordic race and stood for the rise of all the great culture.

He wanted to maintain a German race with Nordic elements.

IV. Answer all the questions given under each caption.

1. ADOLF HITLER

[a] Where was Adolf Hitler born?

Austria in 1839

[b] What was his father?

Custom officer

[c] What did he organize?

He organized the group of men called the national socialist in 1999, he gave his group a program a symbol

[d] Name the book written by Hitler.

Mein Kampf (My struggle)

2. HITLER’s AGGRESSIVE POLICY

[a] Why did Hitler conquer territories?

To accommodate the growing population and to accumulate resources.

[b] How did he violate the Locarno Treaty of 1925?

He reoccupied Rhine land and violated the Locarno Treaty of 1925.

[c] What did he demand from Poland?

To construct a military road and also the surrender of Danzig.

[d] When did he declare war on Poland?

1st September 1939.

V. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. How did Hitler establish Nazi rule in Germany?

Hitler establish Nazi rule in Germany

  • Hitler made an attempt to capture power in 1923,
  • It was known as “Beer Hall Revolution”.
  • He failed and was arrested put in jail for 5 years.
  • When he was in prison he wrote a book called “Mein Kampf” (My Struggle).
  • In the election of 1932, the Nazi party became the 2nd largest group in the German Parliament.
  • Hitler became the Chancellor and Hindenburg as President.
  • On the death of President Hindenburg in August 1934, Hitler made himself President and Chancellor.

2. Explain Hitler’s aggressive policy.

Hitler’s Aggressive policy:-

  • He pulled Germany out of the League of Nations in 1933.
  • In 1936, he reoccupied Rhine land, and violated the Locarno Treaty of 1925.
  • In November 1937 Hitler formed Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis.
  • In 1939, Hitler violated the Munich Agreement by annexing the whole of Czechoslovakia.
  • Hitler demanded Poland right to construct a military road and also the surrender of Danzig.
  • In 1941, Hitler invaded Russia, breaking the Non-aggression pact with Stalin.
  • Hitler committed suicide in his Bunker.

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