10th Geography

India – Agriculture

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Rice is grown well in the _____ alluvial soil

2. Tea and coffee crops are grown well on the _____ mountain slopes

3. The crop that grows in drought is _____ millets

4. Cotton is a _____ cash crop

5. The staple food crops are _____ rice & wheat

II. Match the following:

1. Wheat  Punjab
2. Sugarcane  Uttar Pradesh
3. Apple  Himachal Pradesh
4. Rubber  Kerala
5. Jute  West Bengal

III. Give Short answers:

1. What are the major determinant factors of agriculture?

Major determinant factors of agriculture:

  • Land form
  • Climate
  • Soil types
  • Water

2. What are the types of agriculture?

Types of agriculture: Four different types of farming are generally practiced in our country and they are:

  • Primitive agriculture
  • Subsistence agriculture
  • Commercial agriculture
  • Plantation agriculture

3. Name the agricultural seasons in India?

The agricultural seasons in India

  • Kharif – June to November
  • Rabi – November to March
  • Zaid – March to June

4. Why dry crops are grown?

They grow well even in the infertile soil. They are drought resistant crops, example – Millets.

5. Name the cotton growing areas of India.

The cotton growing areas of India are Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana.

6. What are plantation crops?

  • Tea, Coffee and Rubber
  • Single crop raised at a time
  • These plantations are mainly owned by the companies

V. Write a paragraph answer:

1. What are the benefits of adopting bio-technology in agriculture?

The benefits adopting biotechnology in agriculture are,

  • Adopting Biotechnology is environmentally safe and sustainable.
  • Water requirement for the crop is minimized.
  • It makes crops more resistant to insects, pests and diseases.
  • The yield of the crops per hectare can be decreased.
  • Farmers can get more income.

2 Discuss any three current challenges in Indian agriculture?

Challenges for Indian Agriculture:-

  • Indian agriculture experience gamble of monsoon it exerts a very unfavourable influence on agriculture because of unevenly distributed and uncertain.
  • The serious drainage problem caused by construction of roads, railways and canals disturbed the natural drainage system. This results in large scale damage to kharif crops.
  • Rapid increase in industries and residential buildings reduce the extent of cultivable lands.
  • Global climatic changes affect agricultural crops, soil, livestock and pests.