8th History


I. Choose the correct answer

1. The Vellore mutiny took place in the year

a) 1806 b) 1807 c) 1808

2. The Sepoys were influenced by ____________

a) English officers b) Tipus family c) Robert cline

3. The Governor of Madras presidency at the time of Vellore sepoy mutiny was_____________

a) William Bentinck b) Cornwallis c) Robert clive

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. The Indian Sepoys refused to wear the ___________ which led to the Mutiny.

2. ___________ was outside the fort when the mutiny started.

3. The mutiny was suppressed by _____________.

III. Match the following

1. Tipu’s son  a) Turban
2. Agnew  b) Mutineers
3. Sepoys  c) Bentinck
4. Governor of Madras  d) Fatch Hyder

IV. Answer the following

1. When and where did the Mutiny started?

Vellore in 1806

2. Why did the Sepoys of Vellore revolt?

i) The strict discipline, new weapons, new methods and changes in dress code introduced by the British created resentment among the sepoys.

ii) Hindus were Prohibited from wearing ornaments like earnings and caste marks on their forehead.

3. What was the immediate cause for the revolt?

i) General Agnew introduced a new turban called Agnew Turban.

ii) The Turban resembled the European hat.

iii) It bore different colours affixed by a bodge with the symbol of the cross on it.

4. Mention the results of the revolt?

i) Many Indian soldiers were arrested and imprisonment.

ii) Tipu’s family was taken to Calcutta. They were kept in Prison for more than six years.

iii) The mutiny revealed the Patriotic and revengeful attitude of the Indians towards the British.

5. Why was it called Vellore Mutiny?

The mutiny was called led by the sepoy of Vellore Mutiny Fort. So it was called the Vellore Mutiny.

6. Mention some of the names of rebel leaders?

Pulithevan, Kattabomman and Marudhu brothers.

V. Detail

1. What were the causes for Vellore Mutiny?

i) The mutineers were influenced by the family of Tipu Sultan. They were confined to the Vellore fort after the death of Tipu Sultan.

ii) The recruitment of a large number of Indians in the army created suspicion in the minds of the Indian people.

iii) Most of the Sepoys were from the Palayams after the death of their great leaders like Pulithavan, Kattabomman and Marudhu Pandiyar. It left deep scar in the hearts of the rebels.

iv) The sepoys were form both Tamil and Kanada speaking regions and they exchanged betel leaf in order to find themselves together for the attainment of a common goat.

v) The strict discipline, new weapons new methods and changes in dress code introduced by the British created a resentment among the sepoys.

vi) Hindus were prohibited from wearing oranaments like earring and caste marks on their forehead.

Vii) Those sepoys who refused to wear the Turban were punished by 500-900 lashes and they were also terminated form the service.

2. Trace the course of the mutiny. Why did the mutiny fail?

Course of the mutiny

i) The mutiny was instigated by the sons of Tipu Sultan.

ii) They secretly planned the revolt.

iii) On july 9th 1806, Tipu’s daughter’s wedding celebrations were going on inside the fort.

iv) The Sepoys gathered there to attend the function.

v) They proclaimed his son Hyder as the king.

Causes of the failure of the mutiny

i) There was no proper leadership

ii) The revolt was not well organized

iii) The sepoys could not get support and supplies on time from the native rules.


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