7th History

THE KINDOMS OF THE DECCAN

I choose the correct answer:

1. The Virupaksha temple is built on the model of the Kailasanatha temple.

2. The Rashtrakuta power became invincible during the time of Dhurva

5. Vishnuvarthana the Hoysala ruler shifted his capital from sosavir to Dwarasamudra.

4. The Kabatiya dynasty came to an end with the death of Vinayakadeva.

5. The most distinguished yadhava rular was Singhana.

II. Fill in the blanks:-

1. The Greatest king of the early westwern chalubbyas was PulikesanII

2. Kulothunga chola merged the chalukyan kingdom with the Chola Empire.

3. The descendants of the Rathors of the North were the Rashtrakutas.

4. Krishna I built the Kailasanatha temple at Ellora.

5. Ballala III was the last reat ruler of Hoysala dynasty.

III. MATCH THE FOLLOWING.

1. Pulakesin I – Early western challubyas.

2. Virupaksha Temple – Pattadakat.

3. Hoysalas – Dwarasamudra.

4. Kakatiyas – Waranal.

5. Yadavas – Devagiri.

IV. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS;-

1. What separated Deccan from North India?

The Deccan was separated from Northern India by the Vindhya and Satpura mountains, the

Narmadha and Tabti and the dense forests.

2. Why do we say that the Chalubyas were reat patrons of architecture?

The chatubyas were reat patrons of architecture.

They built around to vishnutemples in Aichole.

Hence, Aihole has been called the cradle of Indian temple architecture.

3. Write a short note on Dhurva, the Rashtrakuta ruler.

Dhurva was an able ruler.

He annexed Malva and made chabrayudha of kanoj to accept his overlordship.

He defeated the pallava ruler Dantiyarman; the king of Ceylon also accepted his suzerainty.

He defeated Vijayadita-II of vengi.

Thus the Rashtrakuta power became invincible during his time.

4. What do you know about the architecture of the Hoysala period?

The Hoysalas weregreat patrons of art, architecture and literature.

They constructed a number of temples at Dwarasamudra and Belur.

Scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharatha were depicted in those temples.

5. What led to the end of Deccan kingom?

The constant struggle among the rulers of the Deccan kingdoms weakened their rule. Further

the attacks on them by the sultans of Delhi ever since the rule of Alla-ud-din khilji led to their

decline.

V. ANSWER IN DETAIL:-

1. Given an account of the early western chalukyas.

· The chalukyas rose to power in Karnataka in the 6th century A.D.

· Their capital was vatapi, in the Bijapur district.

· Pulakesin-I was the real founder of this dynasty.

· He defeated Gangas, Malavas and Gujaras.

· He successfully opposed Harshas attack in the north.

· He made friendly alliances with the cholas, cheras and Pandiyas.

· In 642 A.D. Narasimhavarman-I invaded the chalukya kingdom and he lost his life during the war.

· Vikramadita-II was the other important rulers of this dynasty.

· The challukyas were not very significant for well over two centuries.

2. Give a detailed account of Dantidurga, the Rashtrakuta ruler.

· The greatness of the Rashtrakutas started with Dantidurga.

· He occupied Ellora in 742A.D.

· He captured Maharastra, Gujarat and most of the districts of central and northers Madhya Pradesh.

· He subjucated the cholas of Srisailam country.

· He entered into matrimonial alliances with Nandivarman II Pallavamalla of kanchi and gave his power; Dandi Durga attacked kirtivarman-II ande proclaimed himself the paramount ruler of the Deccan in 753 A.D.

· Rashtrakuta territory extended around Nasik in the Northern Deccan with Malkhed as its capital.

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