6th History

JAINISM AND BUDDHISM

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. One who laid strong foundation to Jainism

Vardhamana Mahavira

2. The principles stressed by Jainism

Not to kill

3. A place in Tamil Nadu where you can see jain sculpture

Kazhugumalai

4. The place where Buddha was enlightened

Gaya

5. One of the most important kings who followed Buddhism

Ashoka

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. ————- was known as conqueror or Jina. Varthamana Mahavira

2. The principles stressed by Jainism are called ———— Tri Ratna

3. ———————is the place where Gometheswara statue is situated.

Saravanabelagola

4. The principles of Buddha are called ————

Eight Fold Paths

5. The organization of the Buddhist monks is called ———-Sangam

6. The Dharma Chakra in our National Flag is taken from the ————Pillar.

Ashoka

III. State whether the following statements are True or False

1. Mysore is the place where Gometheswara Statue is situated. (False)

2. The son of Buddha was Rahul. (True)

3. The founder of Jainism was Buddha. (False)

4. Mahavira aws the 24th Thirthankara. (False)

5. There are 24 spokes in the Ashoka Chakra. (True)

IV. Match the following:

1. Tripitaka                  – religious text of Jains

2. Hiniyana                  – who accepted Buddha as God

3. Sillapathikaram        – Jain literature

4. Deer park                 – Buddha’s first sermon

5. Mahayana                – worshipped Buddha as God

V. Answer the following:

1. What are the causes for the rise of Jainism and Buddhism?

The aims of these religions are to remove the superstitious beliefs, unwanted religious rituals and

the caste discrimination.

2. Describe the Triratnas insisted on by Jainism.

Three Gems or Triratna:

· Right Knowledge

· Right Belief

· Right Action

3. Write short note on the contribution of Jains to Tamil Literature.

Contribution of Jains to Tamil Literature:

v Sillapathikaram

v Chivagachinthamani

v Vallayapathi

v Soodamani

4. Write Four Noble Truths of Buddha.

The Four Nobel Truths are:

v Life is full of sorrow

v Desire is the cause of sorrow

v Sorrow can be ended by giving up desire

v The eightfold path is the way to end sorrow

5. Mention the eight Fold Paths to overcome desire.

The Eight – Fold Paths to overcome desire:

v Right belief

v Right speech

v Right living

v Right memory

v Right effort

v Right thought

v Right action

v Right meditation

VI. Answer the following:

1. Explain the distinctive feature of Jainism

v Human beings are responsible for their own problems.

v We should not harm any living being.

v He asked his follower to follow his principles of Ahimsa or Non – Violence

Triratna :

v Right Knowledge

v Right Belief

v Right Action

Five Doctrines:

v Ahimsa (non – Violence)

v Satya (Truth)

v Asatya (Non Stealing)

v Aparigraha (Non – Possession)

v Brahmacharya (Celibacy)

2. Explain ideas you like in Buddhism.

Buddha’s principles on suffering are the Four Noble Truths and the principles on conduct

are the ‘Eight Fold Paths’.

The Four Nobel Truths are:

v Life is full of sorrow

v Desire is the cause of sorrow

v Sorrow can be ended by giving up desire

v The eight-fold path is the way to end sorrow

The Eight – Fold Paths to overcome desire:

v Right belief

v Right speech

v Right living

v Right memory

v Right effort

v Right thought

v Right action

v Right meditation

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